Seminar SCALab 14/10/2022scalab Manifestations scientifiques Séminaire
Séminaire par Dorthe Berntsen (Aarhus University, CON AMORE, Danemark) invité par Mélissa Allé
Involuntary (spontaneously arising) autobiographical memories: A review of findings and their theoretical and practical implications
Dorthe Berntsen, Aarhus University, Denmark
Involuntary autobiographical memories are conscious memories of personal events that come to mind spontaneously – that is, with no immediately preceding attempt at retrieval. Recent evidence suggests that involuntary memories are highly frequent in daily life and predominantly positive. They represent a context-sensitive, associative, and relatively automatic way of recollecting past episodes that involves little executive control and may be a developmental and evolutionary forerunner of strategic retrieval of past events. They can be used as a means of activating autobiographical memories in dementia. Insights regarding their general mechanism may be used to account for intrusive, involuntary memories in clinical disorders.